Guideline for permission for permanent residence (revised on May 31, 2019)

1. Legal requirements

  1. Must be of good character
    Must comply with the law and exhibit good behavior as a resident in their daily life.
  2. Must possess sufficient assets or skills to earn an independent living
    Must not be a burden to the public in daily life, and must be expected to be financial stable based on their assets and/or skills.
  3. It is recognized that permanent residence would be in the interests of Japan
    1. The applicant must have, in principle, resided in Japan continuously for at least 10 years. However, they must have been residing for at least five of those years with a work-related or residential status of residence (excluding the "Technical Intern Training" and "Specified Skilled Worker (i)" statuses of residence).
    2. The applicant must never have been sentenced to fines or imprisonment and must properly perform their public duties (such as paying taxes, public pension, and public medical insurance premiums, along with submitting notifications as prescribed by the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act).
    3. The applicant must be residing in Japan with the longest period of stay possible for their current status of residence, as stipulated in the Regulation for Enforcement of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act, Appendix 2.
    4. There must be no risk of harm from a public health perspective.
  • If the applicant is the spouse or child of a Japanese national, permanent resident, or special permanent resident, they are not required to conform to points 1 or 2. If the applicant is recognized as a refugee, they are not required to conform to point 2.

2. Exceptions to the ten-year residency requirement

  1. The spouses of Japanese nationals, permanent residents, and special permanent residents must be in a continuous marital relationship for more than three years and must have stayed in Japan for over one year. The biological child of a Japanese national, permanent resident, or special permanent resident must have resided in Japan continuously for over one year.
  2. Applicants with the "Long-Term Resident" status of residence must have resided in Japan continuously for over five years.
  3. Applicants who have been recognized as a refugee must have resided in Japan continuously for over five years after receiving recognition.
  4. Applicants must be recognized as contributing to Japan in the fields of diplomacy, society, economy, culture, etc., and have resided in Japan for more than five years.
    * Please refer to the guideline regarding "applicants’ contributions to Japan."
  5. In the case that the applicant engages in activities (Ministry of Justice Public Notice No. 131 of 1990) which fall under item 36 or item 37 of Appended Table 1-5, of Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act, Article 7, Paragraph 1, Item 2, at a public institution in an area specified by the regional revitalization plan based on Article 5, Paragraph 16 of the Regional Revitalization Act (Act No. 24 of 2005), the applicant must have resided in Japan continuously for over three years and must be recognized to have contributed to Japan through these activities.
  6. Those with over 70 points when points are calculated as prescribed in the ordinance (hereinafter referred to as "Ministerial ordinance on highly skilled professionals") which regulates the criteria in the lower column of the section on Highly Skilled Professionals in the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act, Appendix 1-2, and who fall under either one of the following:
    1. Have resided in Japan continuously for over three years as a "Highly Skilled Professional"; or
    2. Have resided in Japan continuously for over three years and are recognized to have over 70 points when points are calculated, as regulated by the ministerial ordinance on highly skilled professionals, based on the time three years prior to the day of applying for permission for permanent residence.
  7. Those who have over 80 points when points are calculated, as prescribed in the ministerial ordinance on highly skilled professionals, and fall under either one of the following:
    1. Have resided in Japan continuously for over one year as a "Highly Skilled Professional"; or
    2. Have resided in Japan continuously for over one year and recognized to have over 80 points in the points calculation, as prescribed in the ministerial ordinance on highly skilled professionals, based on the time one year prior to the day of applying for permission for permanent residence.
  • With this guideline, applicants will be treated as "residing in Japan with the longest possible period of stay" as stated in section 1, 3 (c) if they have a period of stay of "three years."
  • "Highly Skilled Professional" in section 2, 6 (a) above corresponds to residents who are recognized to have a score of over 70 in their points calculation. "Highly Skilled Professional" in section 2, 7 (a) above corresponds to residents who are recognized to have a score of over 80 in their points calculation.

You will need Adobe Reader to view PDF documents.
If they do not display correctly, please try using the latest version.

Top of page