Number of foreign residents as of the end of 2019 (Reiwa 1)

Press release

March 27, 2020 (Reiwa 2)
Immigration Services Agency

The number of foreign residents in Japan by December 31, 2019, was 2,933,137, an increase of 202,044 (7.4%) compared to the end of the previous year and a record high.

1. Number of foreign residents Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, Fig. 1-1

As of the end of 2019, there were 2,620,636 mid to long-term residents, 312,501 special permanent residents, and a record 2,933,137 combined number of residing foreign nationals, an increase of 202,044 (7.4%) compared to the end of previous year (2,731,093).
The number of males was 1,445,799 (49.3%) and the number of females was 1,487,338 (50.7%). The number of both males and females increased compared to the end of the previous year.

2. Nationality - Table 1, Table 3, Fig. 1-2, Fig. 3

There were 195 nationalities/regions listed on the residence cards and special permanent resident certificates of foreign residents (excluding stateless people).
Among the top ten countries and regions, the countries/regions that saw the highest increase were the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (411,968 people; up 24.5% compared to 81,133 people at the end of the previous year) and the Republic of Indonesia (66,860 people; up 18.7% compared to 10,514 people at the end of the previous year).

(1) People's Republic of China 813,675 residents (27.7%) (+6.4%)
(2) Republic of Korea 446,364 residents (15.2%) (-0.7%)
(3) Socialist Republic of Vietnam 411,968 residents (14.0%) (+24.5%)
(4) Republic of the Philippines 282,798 residents (9.6%) (+4.2%)
(5) Federative Republic of Brazil 211,677 residents (7.2%) (+4.9%)
(7) Republic of Indonesia 66,860 residents (2.3%) (+18.7%)

3. Status of Residence - Table 2, Table 3, Table 5, Fig. 2-1, Fig. 2-2

By status of residence, the number of people with "Permanent Resident" was the highest at 793,164, an increase of 21,596 people (2.8%) compared to the end of the previous year. The second highest was "Technical Intern Training" (the total number of type (i) (a) and (b); type (ii) (a) and (b); and type (iii) (a) and (b)) with 410,972, an increase of 82,612 people (25.2%). The third highest was "Student" with 345,791 people (a 2.6% increase of 8,791 people). The fourth highest was "Special Permanent Resident" with 312,501 people (a 2.8% decrease of 8,915 people).

(1) Permanent Resident 793,164 residents (27.0%) (+2.8%)
(2) Technical Intern Training 410,972 residents (14.0%) (+25.2%)
(3) Student 345,791 residents (11.8%) (+2.6%)
(4) Special Permanent Resident 312,501 residents (10.7%) (-2.8%)
(5) Engineer/Specialist in Humanities/International Services 271,999 residents (9.3%) (+20.5%)

4. Prefecture - Table 4, Table 5, Fig. 4

The prefecture with the largest number of foreign residents was Tokyo with 593,458 people (a 4.5% increase of 25,669 people), accounting for 20.2% of the national total. Aichi Prefecture, Osaka Prefecture, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Saitama Prefecture are listed below.

(1) Tokyo 593,458 residents (20.2%) (+4.5%)
(2) Aichi Prefecture 281,153 residents (9.6%) (+7.7%)
(3) Osaka Prefecture 255,894 residents (8.7%) (+7.0%)
(4) Kanagawa Prefecture 235,233 residents (8.0%) (+7.4%)
(5) Saitama Prefecture 196,043 residents (6.7%) (+8.5%)

(Note 1) "Mid to long-term residents" refers to foreign nationals who reside in Japan with a status of residence under the Immigration Control Act and who do not fall under the conditions (1) to (4) listed below.
Those who fall under (5) or (6) below are also not mid to long-term residents.
(1) Those who have been granted a period of stay of three months or less;
(2) Those who have been granted a status of residence of "Temporary Visitor";
(3) Those who have been granted a status of residence of "Diplomat" or "Official";
(4) Those to whom conditions (1) through (3) apply, as determined by the Ministry of Justice (i.e., employees and families of employees of those in the Taiwan-Japan Relations Association’s Japanese office who have been granted a status of residence of "Designated Activities," or workers of the Permanent General Mission of Palestine in Japan and their families).
(5) Special Permanent Residents; and
(6) Those without a status of residence.
(Note 2) The following documents also include statistics representing the number of "residing foreign nationals" before the end of 2011 (Heisei 23). These statistics have been included for the purpose of comparison with subsequent years. The number of "residing foreign nationals" prior to 2011 refers to the number of residents with a status of residence equivalent to those of mid to long-term residents together with the number of special permanent residents. Please note that these numbers include those mentioned above in (Note 1) (1).
(Note 3) The percentages displayed in this document are rounded down to the nearest tenth.

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