Foreign nationals who overstayed their authorized periods of stay in Japan (January 1, 2020)

Press release

March 27, 2020 (Reiwa 2)
Immigration Services Agency

  • There were 82,892 foreign nationals in Japan who had overstayed their authorized periods of stay as of January 1, 2020
  • This was an increase of 8,725 people (11.8%) from January 1, 2019 (Heisei 31)

(Note 1) The number of foreign nationals who were found to have overstayed their authorized periods of stay in this document is an approximate number calculated as of January 1, 2020. The calculations were made by taking into account information on deportation procedures in addition to recorded number of entrances and departures by foreign nationals, and by extracting the data of those who had overstayed their legal period of stay.
(Note 2) The percentages in each section have been rounded up to the nearest tenth. As such, the totals may not equal 100.0%.

1. Showing trends of illegal residents and gender

There were 82,892 illegal residents as of January 1, 2020 (Reiwa 2). There were 74,167 illegal residents as of January 1, 2019 (Heisei 31). This indicates an increase of 8, 725 illegal residents (11.8%).

There were more male illegal residents than female, with 49,098 (59.2%) male and 33,794 (40.8%) female. This was an increase of 6,466 males (15.2%) and 2,259 females (7.2%) from January 1, 2019 (Heisei 31).

2. Illegal residents by nationality - Table 1, Table 3, Fig. 1, Fig. 3

As of January 1, 2019, of the ten most common countries/regions, the Federative Republic of Brazil fell from tenth place, while Sri Lanka entered the chart at ninth place. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam overtook the Republic of Korea and became first place, while the Republic of Indonesia surpassed the Republic of China (Taiwan) to become sixth.

While numbers increased in seven countries/regions, of particular note were the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, with an increase of 4,430 illegal residents (39.8%); the Kingdom of Thailand, with 1,392 illegal residents (18.6%); the Republic of Indonesia, with 857 illegal residents (25.8%); and the sharp rise of 251 illegal residents (29.2%) from the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

3. Illegal residents by status of residence - Table 2, Table 3, Fig. 2, Fig. 3

As of January 1, 2019, of the five most common statuses of residence, "Designated Activities" surpassed "Student" to reach third place.

Only "Spouse or Child of a Japanese National" saw a decrease, dropping to fourth place. Of particular note were the sharp rises among the "Technical Intern Training" (3,061 people; 32.7%), "Designated Activities" (1,464 people; 34.7%) and "Temporary Visitor" (3,840 people; 8.1%) categories.

(Note 1) The status of residence shown is that which was held by the foreign national at the time when they became an illegal resident.
(Note 2) References to the "Technical Intern Training" status of residence include "Technical Intern Training (i) (a)," "Technical Intern Training (i) (b)," "Technical Intern Training (ii) (a)," "Technical Intern Training (ii) (b)," "Technical Intern Training (iii) (a)," and "Technical Intern Training (iii) (b)."
(Note 3) References to the "Student" status of residence include those with the "Student (Private Non-Collegiate Institution)" (available before the enforcement of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act on July 1, 2010) status of residence.

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