Foreign nationals who overstayed their authorized periods of stay (January 1, 2019)

Press release

March 22, 2019 (Heisei 31)
Immigration Services Agency

  • There were 74,167 foreign nationals in Japan who had overstayed their authorized periods of stay as of January 1, 2019
  • This was an increase of 7,669 people (+11.5%) from January 1, 2018 (Heisei 30)

(Note 1) The statistics given in this document are approximations calculated using information on deportation procedures, the recorded number of entrances and departures of foreign nationals, and figures extracted from computerized data showing the number of people whose period of stay had ended.
(Note 2) The percentages in each section have been rounded up to the nearest tenth. As such, the totals may not equal 100.0% exactly.

1. Trends of illegal residents and gender - Table 1

There were 74,167 illegal residents as of January 1, 2019 (Heisei 31). There were 66,498 illegal residents as of January 1, 2018 (Heisei 30). This indicates an increase of 7,669 illegal residents (+11.5%).
There were more male illegal residents than female, with 42,632 (57.5%) male and 31,535 (42.5%) female. This was an increase of 5,580 males (+15.1%) and 2,089 females (+7.1%) from January 1, 2018 (Heisei 30).

2. Illegal residents (by nationality) - Table 1, Table 2, Fig. 1, Fig. 2

Despite there being no change in the top ten countries/regions since 1 January 2018, Vietnam overtook China and Thailand to take second place.
While numbers increased in six countries/regions, of particular note were the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, with an increase of 4,371 illegal residents (+64.7%) and the Republic of Indonesia with an increase of 1,247 illegal residents (+60.1%) compared to January 1, 2018 (Heisei 30).

3. Illegal residents (by status of residence) - Table 3, Fig. 3

Despite there being no changes to the top five statuses of residence, the "Designated Activities" status of residence has overtaken "Spouse or Child of a Japanese National" and remains the fourth most common status of residence since January 1, 2018.
Compared to the situation as of January 1, 2018, only the "Spouse or Child of Japanese National" status of residence saw a decrease, while the other four statuses of residence saw increases. The number of people who received the "Technical Intern Training" status of residence increased by 2,452 people (+35.5%), and the number of people who received the "Designated Activities" status of residence increased by 1,938 people (+84.8%).

(Note 1) The status of residence shown is that which was held by the foreign national at the time when they became an illegal resident.
(Note 2) References to the "Technical Intern Training" status include "Technical Intern Training (i) (a)," "Technical Intern Training (i) (b)," "Technical Intern Training (ii) (a)," "Technical Intern Training (ii) (b)," "Technical Intern Training (iii) (a)," as well as "Technical Intern Training (iii) (b)."
(Note 3) References to the "Student" status of residence include those with the "Student (Private Non-Collegiate Institution)" (available before the enforcement of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act on July 1, 2010) status of residence.

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