Number of foreign residents as of the end of 2018

Press release

March 22, 2019 (Heisei 31)
Immigration Services Agency

The number of foreign residents in Japan by the end of 2018 was 2,731,093, an increase of 169,245 people (+6.6%) compared to the end of the previous year and a record high.

1. Number of foreign residents - Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, Fig. 1-1

As of the end of 2018, there were 2,409,677 mid to long-term residents, 321,416 special permanent residents, and a record high 2,731,093 total number of residing foreign nationals, an increase of 169,245 people (+6.6%) compared to the end of the previous year.
The number of females was 1,403,200 (51.4%), and the number of males was 1,327,893 (48.6%). The number of both males and females increased compared to the end of the previous year.

2. Nationality - Table 1, Table 3, Fig. 1-2, Fig. 3

There were 195 nationalities/regions listed on the residence cards and special permanent resident certificates of foreign residents (excluding stateless people).
Among the top ten countries and regions, the countries/regions that saw the highest increase were the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (330,835 people; an increase of 68,430 people (+26.1%) compared to at the end of the previous year), the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (88,951 people; an increase of 8,913 people (+11.1%) compared to at the end of the previous year), and the Republic of Indonesia (56,346 people; an increase of 6,364 people (+12.7%) compared to at the end of the previous year).

(1) People's Republic of China - 764,720 people (28.0% of the total) (+4.6%)
(2) Republic of Korea - 449,634 people (16.5% of the total) (-0.2%)
(3) Socialist Republic of Vietnam - 330,835 people (12.1% of the total) (+26.1%)
(4) Republic of the Philippines - 271,289 people (9.9% of the total) (+4.1%)
(5) Federative Republic of Brazil - 201,865 people (7.4% of the total) (+5.5%)
(6) Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal - 88,951 people (3.3% of the total) (+11.1%)
(9) Republic of Indonesia - 56,346 people (2.1% of the total) (+12.7%)

3. Status of Residence - Table 2, Table 3, Table 5, Fig. 2-1, Fig. 2-2

By status of residence, the number of people with "Permanent Resident" was the highest at 771,568, an increase of 22,377 people (+3.0%) compared to the end of the previous year (same throughout). The second highest was "Student" with 337,000 people, an increase of 25,495 people (+8.2%). The third highest was "Technical Intern Training" (the total number of type (i) (a) and (b); type (ii) (a) and (b); and type (iii) (a) and (b)) with 328,360, an increase of 54,127 people (+19.7%). The fourth highest was "Special Permanent Resident" with 321,416 people, a decrease of 8,406 people (-2.5%).

(1) Permanent Resident - 771,568 people (28.3% of the total) (+3.0%)
(2) Student - 337,000 people (12.3% of the total) (+8.2%)
(3) Technical Intern Training - 328,360 people (12.0% of the total) (+19.7%)
(4) Special Permanent Resident - 328,360 people (11.8% of the total) (-2.5%)
(5) Engineer/Specialist in Humanities/International Services - 225,724 people (8.3% of the total) (+19.3%)

4. Prefecture - Table 4, Table 5, Fig. 4

The place with the largest number of foreign residents was Tokyo, with 567,789 people, an increase of 30,287 people (+5.6%), accounting for 20.8% of the national total. Aichi Prefecture, Osaka Prefecture, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Saitama Prefecture are listed below.

(1) Tokyo - 567,789 people (20.8% of the total) (+5.6%)
(2) Aichi Prefecture - 260,952 people (9.6% of the total) (+7.4%)
(3) Osaka - 239,113 people (8.8% of the total) (+4.7%)
(4) Kanagawa Prefecture - 218,946 people (8.0% of the total) (+7.1%)
(5) Saitama Prefecture - 180,762 people (6.6% of the total) (+8.1%)

(Note 1) "Mid to long-term residents" refers to foreign nationals who reside in Japan with a status of residence under the Immigration Control Act and who do not fall under the conditions (1) to (4) listed below.
Those who fall under (5) or (6) below are also not mid to long-term residents.
(1) Those who have been granted a period of stay of three months or less
(2) Those who have been granted a status of residence of "Temporary Visitor"
(3) Those who have been granted a status of residence of "Diplomat" or "Official"
(4) Those to whom conditions (1) through (3) apply, as determined by the Ministry of Justice (i.e., employees and families of employees of those in the Taiwan-Japan Relations Association's Japanese office who have been granted the "Designated Activities" status of residence, or workers of the Permanent General Mission of Palestine in Japan and their families)
(5) Special Permanent Residents
(6) Those without a status of residence
(Note 2) This document also includes statistics representing the number of "residing foreign nationals" before the end of 2011 (Heisei 23). These statistics have been included for the purpose of comparison with subsequent years. The number of "residing foreign nationals" prior to 2011 refers to the number of residents with a status of residence equivalent to those of mid to long-term residents together with the number of special permanent residents. Please note that these numbers include those mentioned above in (Note 1) (1).

* The errors discovered in Table 4, Table 5, and Fig. 4 have been corrected.

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